1L Study Guide for Texas Civil Procedure

Texas Civil Procedure

Civil procedure in Texas governs the processes and rules that the Texas state courts follow in civil litigation. It’s essential to be familiar with the Texas Rules of Civil Procedure (TRCP), the Texas Civil Practice and Remedies Code, and relevant case law.


Subject Matter Jurisdiction: Understand the authority of different Texas courts (District Courts, County Courts, Justice of the Peace Courts, and Small Claims Courts) to hear certain types of cases. Texas follows a tiered system based on the amount in controversy and the nature of the case.

Personal Jurisdiction: Learn the standards for determining whether a Texas court has jurisdiction over the parties, focusing on minimum contacts analysis and the significance of the long-arm statute.

Venue: Know the rules for proper venue in Texas, including mandatory venue statutes, permissive venue statutes, and how venue is determined in cases with multiple defendants.


Petition: Study the requirements for an initial petition, including the necessity of stating a cause of action, jurisdictional statements, and the demand for relief.

Answer: Look at the timing (due on Monday following 20 days after service), contents of an answer, and the concept of general and specific denials.

Amendments and Supplemental Pleadings: Understand how and when pleadings can be amended and the effect of amended pleadings on the course of litigation.

Joinder of Parties and Claims

Understand the rules and strategies behind joining multiple parties and claims in a single lawsuit, including compulsory and permissive joinder, counterclaims, cross-claims, and third-party practice.


Familiarize yourself with the scope of discovery in Texas, including discovery methods (depositions, interrogatories, requests for admission, etc.), limitations on discovery, and electronic discovery rules.

Pre-Trial Motions

Motion to Dismiss: Learn the grounds and procedures for a pre-trial motion to dismiss, including motions for lack of jurisdiction and motions challenging the sufficiency of the pleadings.

Summary Judgment: Understand the standards for summary judgment in Texas, including the timing, the evidentiary burden, and the standards for review on appeal.

Default Judgment: Study the requirements and procedures for obtaining a default judgment and the circumstances under which a default judgment may be set aside.


Jury Selection: Know the process of voir dire, challenges for cause, and peremptory challenges.

Burdens of Proof: Be able to distinguish between the different burdens of proof and standards of review.

Direct and Cross-Examination: Understand the purposes and methods of direct and cross-examination, including the rules regarding leading questions and impeachment.

Evidence: Have a good grasp of the Texas Rules of Evidence, including relevance, hearsay exceptions, and the authentication of evidence.

Judgments: Learn the distinctions between different types of judgments, such as directed verdicts, judgments notwithstanding the verdict, and conditional rulings.

Post-Trial Motions

Motion for New Trial: Understand the grounds for a motion for a new trial, including procedural errors and newly discovered evidence.

Motion to Modify, Correct, or Reform a Judgment: Study how and when these motions should be filed and their impact on the appeals process.


Preservation of Error: Know the importance of preserving error for appeal through objections and motions.

Standards of Review: Familiarize yourself with the various standards of review on appeal, such as de novo and abuse of discretion.

Appellate Briefs and Oral Argument: Learn the requirements for appellate briefs and effective strategies for oral argument.

Res Judicata and Collateral Estoppel

Understand the doctrines of res judicata (claim preclusion) and collateral estoppel (issue preclusion), and how they prevent re-litigation of claims and issues that have been previously adjudicated.

Special Proceedings

Study specific procedures related to temporary restraining orders, temporary injunctions, and the special rules associated with them.

Texas Civil Procedure Updates

Stay current with any changes or updates to the Texas Rules of Civil Procedure and relevant case law since procedural rules can be subject to modification.

Practice and Review

  • Practice Questions: Regularly work through hypotheticals and past exam questions to apply the rules you’ve learned.
  • Flashcards: Use flashcards to memorize key rules, standards, and definitions.
  • Outlining: Create detailed outlines of each topic to organize your understanding of the course material.
  • Group Study: Discuss and review material with classmates to deepen your understanding and clarify complex subjects.


Final Exam Preparation

  • Simulated Exams: Take timed practice exams to prepare for the pressure of the actual exam.
  • Issue Spotting: Master the skill of issue spotting, which is essential for essay exams.
  • Rule Application: Practice applying rules to facts in a clear and concise manner.
  • Review Lectures and Notes: Revisit lectures and your own class notes to reinforce your understanding.

In summary, a thorough grasp of Texas Civil Procedure is critical for any 1L final exam. Focus on understanding the rules, their application, and how they interact with each other within the Texas legal system. Remember, practical application through problem-solving is key in exam preparation. Be sure to review all course materials and utilize this guide as a framework to build upon with more in-depth study.

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